As a sociocultural anthropologist I stress applied anthropology in my classes by focusing on ways that anthropological theories and methods can help us better understand and solve contemporary problems. I am especially interested in ways that globalization affects people who live on the margins of the "modern" world. At right is a photo of me visiting a conservation agriculture project in Lesotho.
I have been teaching in anthropology and environmental studies since 1986. Courses that I teach at Ithaca College include Introduction to Anthropology, Environmental Anthropology, Applied Anthropology with a focus on development, and Modern Africa. In all of my classes I draw heavily on examples from across the discipline as wekk as my own research projects, in order to highlight ways that anthropological theories and methods can be applied toward helping to mitigate social problems.
My main research interests are in southern Africa. From 1987 through the late 1990s I worked in the rural, mountainous Mokhotlong District of Lesotho exploring how centralized government and integration into the global economy affects the lives of Basotho (ethnic Sotho people who live in Lesotho). Recently I collaborated with Catholic Relief Services, Lesotho and the University of South Florida Department of Anthropology to understand and mitigate some of the impacts of HIV and AIDS in rural Lesotho. Our efforts aimed at establishing culturally specific intervention strategies targeting food insecurity through non-intensive agriculture. A primary focus was to empower people to take control over their own lives in order to reduce motivations for engaging in behaviors that increase the risk of contracting HIV. Innovative, community based approaches that promote good nutrition and sustainable poverty reduction have the potential to combat the spread of HIV, prolong the lives of infected individuals, and to ease the burden on families caring for an afflicted member. More recently I am collaborating with scholars at the University of the Free State in Bloemfontein, South Africa, to better understand childhood development using a whole live approach. My involvement with the project focuses on evaluating how the strength or weaknesses of a family's social networks affects developmental outcomes.
During the Spring of 2003 I began volunteer work and research with Sudanese refugees in Phoenix, Arizona. As a result of the civil war that continues in Sudan, these "Lost Boys" have been dislocated, brutalized, and many have had their families murdered by marauding agents of the government. This war is a result of the government of Sudan trying to eliminate any group that might pose a threat to their dominance. Thus, it pits the Arab Muslims of northern Sudan, who control the government, against Animists, Christians and African Muslims in the southern and western parts of Sudan. This work led to my becoming involved with the AZ Lost Boys Center (AZLBC), where I served as a cultural adviser, mentor, and eventually an elected member of the board of directors. When I arrived at Ithaca College I reached out to the substantial Lost Boys community in the Syracuse area and have served as a Senior Advisor for the Central New York Lost Boys Foundation. Along with the AZLBC I was entrusted with approximately 17,000 digitized life history files from Pinudo Refugee Camp in Ethiopia, which were generated when Lost Boys first fled their homes in the late 1980s. Each file contains a photograph and personal history for the refugee, and may contain valuable information for reuniting them with loved ones. I worked closely with AZLBC to make these files available to the individuals that each one represents. During Fall of 2010 we launched Lost Boys Reunited, a web based search facility that enables Lost Boys around the world to determine if their files are in the database, and provides them with means to gain access to their file if it is.
In Ithaca I have served as a member of the steering committees for the Samaritan Resettlement Center for refugees and the Immigrant Rights Coalition. I currently serve on on the board for the Tompkins County Living Wage Coalition through the Tompkins County Workers' Rights Center. On occasion I have provided motivated students with research and service opportunities in Ithaca's minority, immigrant and refugee communities.
I also serve my academic discipline as an elected board member and program editor for the Association for Africanist Anthropologists. From 2005 to 2008 I was an elected Steering Committee memberfor the AIDS and Anthropology Research Group (AARG), and from 2008 to 2012 served as their Chair. My earliest research was an outgrowth of my interests in environmental anthropology. In 1985 I explored ways that acid rain affected the lives of people who lived in Big Moose, NY, an area that is highly impacted. Most residents initially denied that there was a problem only to later confide in me fears about potential health threats. Also of great concern to residents was the possibility that acid rain would degrade the environment to the point that the tourism based economy would be in jeopardy. Local folks had developed a body of folklore that attributed changes that they were witnessing in the environment to causes other than acid rain. I continue to have strong interests in environmental anthorpology and am proud to be an affiliated faculty member with Ithaca College's Department of Environmental Studies and Sciences.