I was hired in the Politics department in 1991 and am presently the director of the CSCRE (a separate unit). In 2008, I also held the Spinoza Chair in Philosophy at the University of Amsterdam in the Netherlands. My career path, however, began in 1976 in Pakistan when I joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, from which I was later fired for criticizing the country's military ruler, General Zia ul Haq. I then worked briefly as the assistant editor of the Muslim, an opposition newspaper, before leaving for the U.S. where I ultimately got political asylum. While in Pakistan, I also published poetry and short-stories.
From Pakistan, I have a B.A. in English Literature and Philosophy, and an M.A. in Journalism (with honors) and, from the U.S., an M.A. and Ph.D. (with distinction) in International Studies.
Most of my research and writing explore various forms of political, sexual, racial, and epistemic violence. In my Ph.D. dissertation, I traced the genealogy of military rule in Pakistan to British colonialism in South Asia (Democracy, Nationalism and Communalism: The Colonial Legacy in South Asia,1995). After I began teaching at Ithaca, I became interested in Muslim sexual/ textual politics, specifically, in interpretations of Islam's scripture that justify women's oppression ("Believing Women" in Islam: Unreading Patriarchal Interpretations of the Qur'an, 2002). In the wake of 9/11/2001, this interest shifted to looking at forms of epistemic and polemical violence against Islam/ Muslims in the West (Islam, Muslims and the U.S., 2004; Re- understanding Islam, 2008). More recently, I've written about Muslim bodies, differing narratives of Abraham's sacrifice, and Islamic feminism. Two essays, on the Qur'an and Islam, are forthcoming in the Oxford Handbook of Theology, Sexuality, and Gender and Patriarchal Moments, part of Bloomsbury Academic's Series, Textual Moments in the History of Political Thought, (U.K.).
To my good fortune, my work on the Qur'an has been translated into a number of languages (Arabic, Bengali, Indonesian, Urdu, Spanish, Portuguese, French, and Dutch) and I've also been invited to speak about it in several countries. I have particularly appreciated doing so in Indonesia, Granada (Spain), Russia, Turkey, the Netherlands, Egypt, and Iceland.